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Surgical treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Analysis of long-term remission

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877305-2022-12-13
Issue: 
12
Year: 
2022

A. Neimark, Candidate of Medical Sciences; I. Danilov, Candidate of Medical Sciences; A. Shulyakovskaya; S. Lapshina; O. Kornyushin, Candidate of Medical Sciences; M. Salov
Almazov National Medical Research Centre, Saint Petersburg

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and obesity are diseases that have a negative impact on public health. They are associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and despite lifestyle changes and the possibility of conservative therapy, it is still difficult to achieve glycemic control. Currently, there are practically no studies in the Russian-language literature on long-term remission after surgical treatment of DM2. This review aimed to identify and summarize evidence of the long-term effect of bariatric surgery on remission of DM2. There is no relationship between the type of bariatric intervention and the fact of remission. Each of the operated patients showed a decrease in overweight and, as a result, an improvement in the course of DM2. Bariatric surgery is now established as an effective and safe therapy for morbid obesity and its associated morbidities. Patients who have not achieved remission, despite this, have an improvement in the quality of life. Bariatric surgery also corrected or alleviated a number of other comorbidities of obesity.

Keywords: 
endocrinology
type 2 diabetes mellitus
obesity
remission
bariatric surgery.



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