The prevalence of non-communicable diseases among working women


Professor K. Amlaev, MD; L. Blinkova, Сandidate of Medical Sciences;
Kh. Dahkilgova, Сandidate of Medical Sciences; Associate Professor V. Mazharov, Сandidate of Medical Sciences
Stavropol State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia

Non-communicable diseases are the main problem of modern society. This review represent data on chronical diseases and their risk factors among working women. It also describes the global trends of main risk factors among working young women and the manifestation of non-infectious diseases, including coronary heart disease, overweight/obesity, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus and mental health problems. Long working hours, workload and stress at work were identified as the risk factors of non-communicable diseases. The double burden of work and household duties increased the risk of non-communicable diseases among working women in comparing with working men. State-level strategies were proposed to improve the situation of reducing the prevalence of non-communicable diseases and their prevention. For example, the strategy for the prevention of chronical pathology among working women, included the search of risk factors, strengthening of health policy, the interventions at the working place, including adherence to timetable, the balance between work and personal life.

health care
working women
non-communicable diseases
risk factors
working hours.

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