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Twenty-year trends in attitudes towards the prevention of diseases among the women of an open urban population

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877305-2020-10-15
Issue: 
10
Year: 
2020

A. Akimov, Candidate of Sociological Sciences; M. Kayumova, Candidate of Medical Sciences
Tyumen Cardiology Research Center, Tomsk National Research Medical Center, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Tomsk

In our country, when with a radical change in the socio-economic living conditions of the population has occurred since Perestroika (restructuring), there is a long-felt need for correct information about the vector of movement of the epidemiological situation, including the parameters of attitudes towards health and the prevention of diseases. An analysis of these long-term monitoring data will make it possible to predict the population’s response to different prevention programs, to preliminarily estimate the amount of necessary preventive care in the population, to take into account certain material costs that will be required to implement certain prevention measures, and to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention. Objective: to determine trends in attitudes towards the prevention of diseases among 25-64-year-old women during 20-year population monitoring. Subjects and methods. One-stage epidemiological studies were conducted on representative samples among able-bodied women in 1996 and 2016. At cardiac screenings, the WHO knowledge and attitude towards one’s health questionnaire was completed by the women in the presence of an interviewer to determine the parameters of attitudes towards the prevention of diseases. Results. According to the twenty-year monitoring of the open population of a medium-sized urbanized Siberian city, it showed an increase in the positive attitude towards the prevention of diseases among women, mainly those at young ages. There were positive trends in the opinion of young and middle-aged women regarding the need for prevention measures. Conclusion. The revealed positive trends in a more positive attitude towards the problems of prevention among women over twenty years of monitoring the population create favorable conditions for the work of a preventive service of practical health care, which should be focused just on young and middle-aged able-bodied women as a category as most promising and susceptible to lifestyle changes.

Keywords: 
epidemiological study
population monitoring
open population
women
attitude towards prevention



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