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Alcoholic cardiomyopathy in the practice of a family doctor

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877305-2020-09-02
Issue: 
9
Year: 
2020

T. Moldovan, E. Mutilina, V. Skvortsov, MD Volgograd State Medical University

The paper discusses the etiopathogenesis, clinical presentations, diagnosis, and treatment of alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACMP). Particular attention is paid to morphological and structural changes in the heart, as well as to the pathogenetic mechanisms of ACMP development. Diagnostic criteria and possible complications are presented. Differences in acute and chronic alcohol intoxication are considered from the standpoint of morphology, clinic presentation, and diagnosis. Emphasis is laid on the particular importance of metabolic and antioxidant therapy, that is pathogenetic in ACMP, in combination with complete abstinence from alcohol.

Keywords: 
cardiology
alcoholic cardiomyopathy
ethanol
clinical presentation
etiopathogenesis
diagnosis
treatment
antioxidants
abstinence
apoptosis
heart failure



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