HAC (Russian)
RSCI (Russian)
EBSCO
DOI (USA)
Ulrichsweb (Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory)
Scientific Indexing Services

FUNCTIONAL STATE OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM OF SCHOOL STUDENTS OF THE INDIGENOUS AND INDIGENOUS POPULATION OF THE KHAKASIA (on the example of the city of Abakan)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877305-2021-08-13
Issue: 
8
Year: 
2021

L. Evert(1, 3), MD; T. Potupchik(2), Candidate of Medical Sciences; Yu. Kostyuchenko(1); O.
Chudinova(3), Candidate of Biological Sciences (1)Federal Research Center «Krasnoyarsk Scientific Center of
the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences», Research Institute of Medical Problems of the
North, Krasnoyarsk (2)Prof. V.F. Voino-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health
of Russia (3)N.F. Katanov Khakass State University, Abakan

The study of ethnic features of the functioning of the central nervous system (CNS) is an urgent problem of modern medicine. Purpose. Study of the features of the functional state of the CNS in schoolchildren of the indigenous and non-indigenous population of Khakassia by the parameters of a simple visual-motor reaction. Material and methods. We examined random samples of schoolchildren 12–17 years old of both sexes, indigenous and non-indigenous population of the city of Abakan. The functional state of the central nervous system was assessed by the method of a simple sensorimotor reaction using the hardware-software complex UPFT-1/30 «Psychophysiologist». We compared the indicators of 2 groups, formed taking into account ethnicity: the indigenous (Khakass) and non-indigenous (Caucasians) population. The functional state of the central nervous system was assessed according to the indicators of the average response time (level of response rate) and its standard deviation (level of stability), by integral parameters reflecting the level of error and the level of sensorimotor reactions (level of central nervous system activation). The indicators were processed in the program «Statistica 12» (USA). Results. Most schoolchildren of the indigenous and non-indigenous population of Khakassia have a satisfactory functional state of the central nervous system. Ethnic differences in the functioning of the central nervous system were revealed in the form of a predominance of inertia and imbalance of nervous processes, a lower concentration and stability of attention in adolescents of the indigenous ethnic group. Conclusion. The revealed tendencies towards the deterioration of a number of indicators of a simple visual-motor reaction in some schoolchildren of the indigenous population of Khakassia (a decrease in concentration and stability of attention, a slowdown in simple visual-motor reactions) indicate the predominance of inhibition processes in the central nervous system, a state of fatigue, a decrease in mental performance and cognitive activity in this contingent of adolescents. The results obtained confirm the urgency of this problem and indicate the need for further research in this direction.

Keywords: 
pediatrics
neurology
schoolchildren
indigenous population
central nervous system
sensorimotor reactions



References: 
  1. Ajdarkin E.K. Issledovanie osobennostej vzaimodejstvija zritel'noj i sluhovoj sistem v uslovijah sensomotornoj integratsii. Problemy nejrokibernetiki. 2005; 1:125–8 [Aidarkin E.K. Research of features of interaction of visual and auditory systems in the conditions of sensorimotor integration. Problems of neurocybernetics. 2005; 1: 125–8 (in Russ.)].
  2. Anisimova I.O., Farber D.A. Vozrastnaja dinamika tsentral'noj organizatsii tonkih dvizhenij ruk v mladshem shkol'nom vozraste. Psihofiziologicheskie osnovy sotsial'noj adaptatsii rebenka. SPb, 1999; s. 145–8 [Anisimova I.O., Farber D.A. Age dynamics of the central organization of fine hand movements in primary school age. Psychophysiological bases of social adaptation of the child. St. Petersburg, 1999; p. 145–8 (in Russ.)].
  3. Bartosh T.P., Bartosh O.P., Maksimov A.L. i dr. Nejrodinamicheskie pokazateli starsheklassnikov razlichnyh etnicheskih grupp Magadanskoj oblasti. Reproduktivnoe zdorov'e detej i podrostkov. 2013; 2: 51–8 [Bartosh T.P., Bartosh O.P., Maksimov A.L. et al. Neurodynamic indicators of high school students of various ethnic groups of the Magadan region. Reproductive health of children and adolescents. 2013; 2: 51–8 (in Russ.)].
  4. Gindjuk A. Osobennosti psihofiziologicheskih reaktsij invalidov po sluhu v svjazi s faktornoj nagruzkoj proizvodstvennoj sredy. Nauka i innovatsii. 2014; 7 (137): 65–8 [Gindyuk A. Features of psychophysiological reactions of the hearing impaired in connection with the factor load of the production environment. Science and Innovation. 2014; 7 (137): 65–8 (in Russ.)].
  5. Gribanov A.V., Kanzhin A.V., Iordanova Ju.A. i dr. Osobennosti povedencheskogo reagirovanija i sensomotornoj organizatsii u detej s sindromom defitsita vnimanija s giperaktivnost'ju. Ekologija cheloveka. 2008; 4: 28–32 [Gribanov A.V., Kanzhin A.V., Iordanova Yu.A., et al. Features of behavioral response and sensorimotor organization in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Human ecology. 2008; 4: 28–32 (in Russ.)].
  6. Gribanov A.V., Kanzhin A.V., Podoplekin D.N. Ocherki sensomotornoj dejatel'nosti rebenka s SDVG. Arhangel'sk, 2006 [Gribanov A.V., Kanzhin A.V., Podoplekin D.N. Essays on sensorimotor activity of a child with ADHD. Arkhangelsk, 2006 (in Russ.)].
  7. Dubrovinskaja N.V. Psihofiziologicheskaja harakteristika podrostkovogo vozrasta. Fiziologija cheloveka. 2015; 41 (2): 113–22 [Dubrovinskaya N.V. Psychophysiological characteristics of adolescence. Human physiology. 2015; 41 (2): 113–22 (in Russ.)].
  8. Endrihovskij S.N., Shamshinova A.M., Sokolov E.N. Vremja sensomotornoj reaktsii cheloveka v sovremennyh psihofizicheskih issledovanijah. Sensornye sistemy. 1996; 10 (2): 13 [Yendrikhovsky S.N., Shamshinova A.M., Sokolov E.N. Time of human sensorimotor reaction in modern psychophysical studies. Sensor systems. 1996; 10 (2): 13 (in Russ.)].
  9. Il'in E.P. Psihomotornaja organizatsija cheloveka. SPb, 2003 [Ilyin E.P. Psychomotor organization of a person. St. Petersburg, 2003 (in Russ.)].
  10. Kanzhin A.V., Gribanov A.V. Osobennosti zritel'no-motornyh reaktsij u detej-severjan pri sindrome defitsita vnimanija s giperaktivnost'ju. Ekologija cheloveka. 2005; 5: 14–6 [Kanzhin A.V., Gribanov A.V. Features of visual-motor reactions in Northern children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Human ecology. 2005; 5: 14–6 (in Russ.)].
  11. Kanzhina N.N., Gribanov A.V. Audiomotornye reaktsii u detej mladshego shkol'nogo vozrasta s raznym urovnem trevozhnosti. Ekologija cheloveka. 2009; 10: 19–22 [Kanzhina N.N., Gribanov A.V. Audiomotor reactions in primary school children with different levels of anxiety. Human ecology. 2009; 10: 19–22 (in Russ.)].
  12. Korobejnikova I.I. Parametry sensomotornyh reaktsij, psihofiziologicheskie harakteristiki, uspevaemost' i pokazateli EEG cheloveka. Psihologicheskij zhurnal. 2000; 21 (3): 132–6 [Korobeynikova I.I. Parameters of sensorimotor reactions, psychophysiological characteristics, academic performance and human EEG indicators. Psychological Journal. 2000; 21 (3): 132–6 (in Russ.)].
  13. Mantrova I.N. Metodicheskoe rukovodstvo po psihofiziologicheskoj i psihologicheskoj diagnostike. Ivanovo: Nejrosoft, 2007 [Mantrova I.N. Methodological guide to psychophysiological and psychological diagnostics. Ivanovo: Neurosoft, 2007 (in Russ.)].
  14. Myl'nikova I.V., Efimova N.V., D'jakovich O.A. Psihofiziologicheskie harakteristiki tsentral'noj nervnoj sistemy detej sel'skoj mestnosti razlichnyh etnicheskih grupp Sibiri. Ekologija cheloveka. 2018; 7: 17–23 [Mylnikova I.V., Efimova N.V., Dyakovich O.A. Psychophysiological characteristics of the central nervous system of rural children of various ethnic groups in Siberia. Human ecology. 2018; 7: 17–23 (in Russ.)]. DOI: 10.33396/1728-0869-2018-7-17-23
  15. Nehoroshkova A.N. Intellektual'naja dejatel'nost' trevozhnyh detej v uslovijah ogranichenija vremeni. Vestnik Severnogo (Arkticheskogo) federal'nogo universiteta. 2014; 1: 84–8 [Nekhoroshkova A.N. Intellectual activity of anxious children under time limit. Vestnik of Northern (Arctic) Federal University. 2014; 1: 84–8 (in Russ.)].
  16. Nehoroshkova A.N., Gribanov A.V. Osobennosti zritel'no-motornyh reaktsij detej 8–11 let s vysokim urovnem trevozhnosti. Ekologija cheloveka. 2011; 5: 43–8 [Nekhoroshkova A.N., Gribanov A.V. Features of visual-motor reactions of children aged 8-11 years with a high level of anxiety. Human ecology. 2011; 5: 43–8 (in Russ.)].
  17. Nehoroshkova A.N., Gribanov A.V., Deputat I.S. Sensomotornye reaktsii v psihofiziologicheskih issledovanijah (obzor). Vestnik Severnogo (Arkticheskogo) federal'nogo universiteta. 2015; 1: 38–48 [Nekhoroshkova A.N., Gribanov A.V., Deputy I.S. Sensomotor reactions in psychophysiological studies (review). Vestnik of Northern (Arctic) Federal University. 2015; 1: 38–48 (in Russ.)].
  18. Nikandrov V.V. Psihomotorika. SPb, 2004 [Nikandrov V.V. Psychomotorika. St. Petersburg, 2004 (in Russ.)].
  19. Nikolaeva E.N., Guljaeva N.A., Kolosova O.N. Otsenka funktsional'nogo sostojanija TsNS po parametram zritel'no-motornoj reaktsii u podrostkov. Zdorov'e i obrazovanie v XXI veke. 2018; 20 (9): 32–6 [Nikolaeva E.N., Gulyaeva N.A., Kolosova O.N. Assessment of the functional state of the central nervous system by the parameters of visual-motor reaction in adolescents. Health and education in the XXI century. 2018; 20 (9): 32–6 (in Russ.)].
  20. Saryg S.K., Buduk-ool L.K., Hovalyk A.M. Harakteristika funktsional'nogo sostojanija nervnoj sistemy tuvinskih studentov po testu prostoj zritel'no-motornoj reaktsii. Mat-ly VII Sibirskogo s'ezda fiziologov 27–29 ijunja 2012 g. Krasnojarsk, 2012 [Saryg S.K., Buduk-ool L.K., Khovalyg A.M. Characteristics of the functional state of the nervous system of Tuvan students on the test of a simple visual-motor reaction. Proceedings of the VII Siberian Congress of Physiologists June 27–29, 2012 Krasnoyarsk, 2012 (in Russ.)].
  21. Sergienko E.A. Sovremennoe issledovanie kognitivnyh protsessov. Psihologicheskij zhurnal. 2002; 23 (2): 19–35 [Sergienko E. A. Modern research of cognitive processes. Psychological Journal. 2002; 23 (2): 19–35 (in Russ.)].
  22. Tarasova O.L., Kazin E.M., Fedorov A.I. i dr. Kompleksnaja otsenka nejrodinamicheskih i vegetativnyh pokazatelej u podrostkov: vozrastnye, gendernye i tipologicheskie osobennosti. Fiziologija cheloveka. 2017; 43 (1): 45–54 [Tarasova O.L., Kazin E.M., Fedorov A.I. et al. Complex assessment of neurodynamic and vegetative indicators in adolescents: age, gender and typological features. Human physiology. 2017; 43 (1): 45–54 (in Russ.)]. DOI: 10.7868/S0131164616060199
  23. Tarasova A.F., Seliverstova N.V., Zhdankina L.V. Issledovanie vremeni prostoj i slozhnoj akustiko-motornoj reaktsii uchaschihsja. Fiziologija i psihofiziologija motivatsij: mezhregional'nyj sbornik nauchnyh rabot. Voronezh, 2000; 4: 52–4 [Tarasova A.F., Seliverstova N.V., Zhdankina L.V. Investigation of the time of simple and complex acoustic-motor reaction of students. Physiology and psychophysiology of motivations: interregional collection of scientific papers. Voronezh, 2000; 4: 52–4 (in Russ.)].
  24. Ustrojstvo psihofiziologicheskogo testirovanija UPFT-1/30 «Psihofiziolog»: metodicheskij spravochnik. Taganrog: NPKF «Medikom MTD», 2015 [The device of psychophysiological testing UPFT-1/30 «Psychophysiologist»: methodological reference. Taganrog: NPKF «Medikom MTD», 2015 (in Russ.)].
  25. Chuprikova N.I. Vremja reaktsii i intellekt: pochemu oni svjazany. Voprosy psihologii. 1995; 4: 65–114 [Chuprikova N.I. Reaction time and intelligence: why they are related. Questions of psychology. 1995; 4: 65–114 (in Russ.)].
  26. Favilla M. Reaching Movements in Children: Accuracy and Reaction Time Development. Exp Brain Res. 2006; 169 (1): 122–5. DOI: 10.1007/s00221-005-0291-8
  27. Gamble A.L., Rapee R.M. The Time-Course of Attentional Bias in Anxious Children and Adolescents. J Anxiety Disord. 2009; 23 (7): 841–7. DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2009.04.001
  28. Harrington D.L., Lee R.R., Boyd L.A. et al. Does the Representation of Time Depend on the Cerebellum? Effect of Cerebellar Stroke. Brain. 2004; 127 (3): 561–74. DOI: 10.1093/brain/awh065
  29. Takarae Y., Luna B., Minshew N. Patterns of Visual Sensory and Sensorimotor Abnormalities in Autism Vary in Relation to History of Early Language Delay. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2008; 14 (6): 980–9. DOI: 10.1017/S1355617708081277