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ПЕРИНАТАЛЬНЫЕ ФАКТОРЫ РИСКА РАЗВИТИЯ РАССТРОЙСТВ ЭМОЦИОНАЛЬНО-ВОЛЕВОЙ СФЕРЫ И ПОВЕДЕНИЯ РЕБЕНКА

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Год издания: 
2016

И. Кельмансон, доктор медицинских наук, профессор Институт специальной педагогики и психологии Международного университета семьи и ребенка им. Рауля Валленберга, Санкт-Петербург E-mail: iakelmanson@hotmail.com

Рассматривается связь неблагоприятных перинатальных факторов с риском формирования у ребенка нарушений эмоционально-волевой сферы и поведения. Обсуждается влияние на эти нарушения изменений гормонального фона беременной женщины, вредных привычек, использования ряда лекарственных препаратов, внутриутробных инфекций, алиментарного дефицита. Приводятся данные о связи риска формирования указанных нарушений с рождением ребенка в исходе кесарева сечения, недоношенностью и (или) рождением с низкой массой тела, с гипоксией в родах и родовой травмой, а также с развитием у матери послеродовой депрессии. Обсуждаются возможные механизмы, лежащие в основе выявленных ассоциаций. Намечены подходы к профилактике.

Ключевые слова: 
педиатрия
эмоционально-волевая сфера
поведение
перинатальные факторы

Для цитирования
Кельмансон И. ПЕРИНАТАЛЬНЫЕ ФАКТОРЫ РИСКА РАЗВИТИЯ РАССТРОЙСТВ ЭМОЦИОНАЛЬНО-ВОЛЕВОЙ СФЕРЫ И ПОВЕДЕНИЯ РЕБЕНКА . Врач, 2016; (1): 2-7


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