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Mortality from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877305-2022-10-02

Professor I. Samorodskaya, MD
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
of the Russian Ministry of Health, Moscow

Purpose – to study the contribution of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) to mortality from all causes, to analyze the nosological structure of mortality associated with the GIT in 52 regions of Russia 2019–2020. Material and methods: Rosstat data on the population and the number of deaths in annual age groups according to the "Brief nomenclature of the causes of death of Rosstat" (KNPSR). All causes associated with lesions of the gastrointestinal tract (total 35 lines for KNPSR) for 2019 and 2020 were selected. in 52 regions of the Russian Federation, the number of which exceeded 1 million people. Standardized mortality rates (SDRs) were calculated using software. When calculating the SDR, the old European population standard for 2015 and 2019 was used. Results: The average regional values of SDR associated with gastrointestinal diseases in 2020 compared to 2019 significantly increased (125.10±23.05 and 120.67±23.51 per 100 thousand population; p=0.018). Their share in the structure of mortality from all causes was 12.47±1.88% in 2019 and 10.97±1.70 in 2020 (p

diseases of the digestive system
gastrointestinal tract
oncological diseases
liver cirrhosis
vascular bowel disease
regions of the Russian Federation

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