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Structured programs for the management of patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in the work of a general practitioner

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877305-2022-05-02
Issue: 
5
Year: 
2022

Professor V. Skvortsov, MD; M. Ustinova
Volgograd State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the leading cause of chronic liver diseases that affect >25% of the world’ population. NAFLD is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality of liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular diseases, which leads to a significant healthcare burden and a decrease in quality of life in a patient. According to international guidelines, lifestyle modification for weight loss remains the first-line intervention in patients with NAFLD. The article summarizes evidence-based recommendations for lifestyle changes and clinical management of patients with NAFLD.

Keywords: 
hepatology
therapy
non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
liver cirrhosis
diabetes mellitus
obesity
body mass index
cardiovascular diseases
lifestyle modification
weight loss
diet
physical activity/exercises



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