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Complications of surgical treatment of injuries and diseases of the cervical spine at the subaxial level

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877305-2021-12-04
Issue: 
12
Year: 
2021

A. Yarikov(1, 2), Candidate of Medical Sciences; Professor O. Perlmutter(2, 3), MD; Professor
A. Fraerman(2, 3), MD; I. Smirnov(2); A. Sosnin(1), Candidate of Medical Sciences; Professor A. Mukhin(3),
MD; A. Simonov(2), Candidate of Medical Sciences; A. Кalinkin(4), Candidate of Medical Sciences; A.
Kotelnikov(5), Candidate of Medical Sciences; M. Khomchenkov(5); I. Garipov(5) (1)Volga District Medical
Center, Federal Biomedical Agency of Russia, Nizhny Novgorod (2)City Clinical Hospital Thirty-Nine, Nizhny
Novgorod (3)Volga Research Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Nizhny Novgorod 4Federal
Research and Clinical Center, Federal Biomedical Agency of Russia, Moscow (5)National Ilizarov Medical
Research Centre for Traumatology and Ortopaedics, Kurgan

This article is devoted to the complications fixation of the cervical spine. The reasons for the failure of ventral cervical fixation and the ways of their correction are described in detail. Special attention is paid to neurological complications, esophageal injuries, dysphagia, damage to the main arteries of the brain, nerves and dura mater. Methods of primary prevention of liquorrhea in patients with intraoperative damage to the dura mater are widely presented. The following article presents the complications of dorsal cervical fixation.

Keywords: 
dysphagia
dysphonia
pseudoarthrosis
liquorrhea
osteoporosis



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