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Methodological features of examination of geriatric patients with ophthalmic pathology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877305-2021-09-01
Issue: 
9
Year: 
2021

Professor O. Fabrikantov(1), MD; Professor N. Agarkov(2, 3), MD; E. Popova(2); M. Yablokov(2)
(1)Tambov Branch, National Medical Research Center, Acad. S.N. Fyodorov «Eye Microsurgery» Interdisciplinary
Scientific and Technical Complex, Ministry of Health of Russia, Tambov (2)Belgorod State National Research
University (3)Southwest State University, Kursk

The demographic structure of many countries is characterized by a steady increase in the proportion of elderly and senile people whose common pathologies are glaucoma, cataracts, and age-related macular degeneration, which lead to visual deficit. The latter in turn contributes to the development of geriatric syndromes, such as falls, cognitive impairment, increases the risk of falls, and reduces age-related viability and quality of life in patients. This investigation substantiates the relevance of studying the above geriatric syndromes and provides valid questionnaires and scales to identify the components of the geriatric status. The use of these methods for assessing an examination of geriatric patients with ophthalmic pathology will be able to timely detect deficiencies and to make their correction.

Keywords: 
geriatrics
geriatric syndromes
glaucoma
cataracts
age-related macular degeneration



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