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Current ideas about stress

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877305-2020-08-03
Issue: 
8
Year: 
2020

Professor K. Amlaev, MD Stavropol State Medical University

Stress is one of the most important problems in modern healthcare, which is widespread in the world. The individual has regularly to deal with daily stress in the workplace and family, as well as with global problems of mankind, for example, with poverty, hunger, and terrorism. The consequence of stress is the development of posttraumatic stress disorders leading to mental and somatic diseases. This review describes the epidemiology of stress disorders and the theory of stress and discusses different types of stressors and their prevalence in society, the effect of stress on the individual’s mental and physical health and its relationship to the development of addictions. Non-drug methods and strategies for managing stress, its pharmacological treatment options, and possible ways to prevent stress disorders are considered separately. The results of studying the efficacy of venlafaxine in patients with coronary heart disease after stenting and aortocoronary bypass grafting are given.

Keywords: 
neurology
psychiatry
stress
stress disorder
adaptation
stressor
venlafaxine



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