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Hypoglycemia in inpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25877305-2019-12-06
Issue: 
12
Year: 
2019

N. Belyaeva, Candidate of Medical Sciences Volga Research Medical University, Nizhny Novgorod

Hypoglycemia is one of the most common adverse events in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and occurs more often than hyperglycemia-associated complications, especially among the elderly and patients with long-term DM. Every four emergency drug-related hospitalizations are associated with hypoglycemia; this rate is even higher in elderly patients. Severe hypoglycemia is strongly associated with injuries and the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias, dementia, death, and worsens quality of life in patients. Treatment for hypoglycemia remains expensive. Severe hypoglycemia that is common in inpatients poses a significant threat to their health and requires systemic interventions for improving treatment outcomes.

Keywords: 
endocrinology
type 2 diabetes mellitus
hypoglycemia
risk factors
prognosis



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